All men are created equal! On September 2, 1945, Ho Chi Minh read Vietnam's Declaration of Independence from the spot where the mausoleum now stands. The grassy square in front is crowded in the evenings, but keep to the path- standing on the grass is not permitted. Stick around in the evenings for the changing of the guard.
In many respects, with the Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum, Ho Chi Minh’s house and the historical significance of the 1945 Declaration, Ba Dinh Square can be viewed as the political and historical heart of modern Vietnam.
The name of the square itself commemorates one of the early rebellions against French colonial rule; the Ba Dinh Uprising of 1886-87. The rebellion aimed to crown the young emperor, Ham Nghi as head of state of an independent Vietnam. Although the insurrection ultimately petered out and resulted in a firmer French grip on its colony, the rebellion became a rallying call for later opposition to French rule.